Speech and language pathologists provide a wide range of individualized services but they also support individuals, families, support groups, and provide information to the general public. Speech services begin with initial screening for communication, and swallowing disorders and continue with assessment and diagnosis, consultation for the provision of advice regarding management, intervention, and treatment, provide counseling and other follow-up services for these disorders.
• Cognitive aspects of communication (e.g., attention, memory, problem-solving and executive functions).
• Speech (e.g., phonation, articulation, fluency, resonance and voice including aeromechanical components of respiration).
• Language (e.g., phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics and pragmatic/social aspects of communication) including comprehension and expression in oral, written, graphic and manual modalities, language processing, pre-literacy, and language-based literacy skills, phonological awareness.
• Swallowing or other upper aerodigestive functions such as infant feeding and aeromechanical events (evaluation of the oesophageal function is for the purpose of referral to medical professionals).
• Sensory awareness related to communication, swallowing, or other upper aerodigestive functions.