What is Speech Therapy?
Our Speech Language pathologist deals with disorders in communication, evaluation, diagnosis, and rehabilitation of speech and language disorders. Speech therapist integrates all aspects of speech and language development which includes receptive and expressive language, articulation respiration and fluency.
Speech and Language Therapy is an integral part of treatment for autism. Autism and speech disorders have a strong association and a person with autism can show various speech and communication problems. In addition to learning to speak, the person must also learn to use verbal and nonverbal cues in language for communication. Given that autism is such a broad spectrum, different people will face different issues to varying degrees which makes proper diagnosis very critical to treatment. Speech Therapy and Audiology can play a major role in diagnosing the problems. Children typically say their first words between 18 and 24 months, and start forming very basic sentences in their second year. Early detection (before the age of 3) of speech delays is important to fully benefit from speech therapy exercises. After early identification and intervention, providing speech therapy for children can have high impact with many children being able to communicate better. Throughout therapy, the speech-language pathologist also works closely with the family, school, and other professionals. Being able to communicate better is the key benefit of speech therapy for autism and this makes it possible for people with autism to improve their ability to form relationships and better function in their daily life.
Speech and language pathologists provide a wide range of individualized services but they also support individuals, families, support groups, and provide information to the general public. Speech services begin with initial screening for communication, swallowing disorders and continue with assessment and diagnosis, consultation for the provision of advice regarding management, intervention, and treatment, provide counseling and other follow up services for these disorders.
• Cognitive aspects of communication (e.g., attention, memory, problem-solving and executive functions).
• Speech (e.g., phonation, articulation, fluency, resonance and voice including aeromechanical components of respiration).
• Language (e.g., phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics and pragmatic/social aspects of communication) including comprehension and expression in oral, written, graphic and manual modalities, language processing, pre literacy, and language-based literacy skills, phonological awareness.
• Swallowing or other upper aerodigestive functions such as infant feeding and aeromechanical events (evaluation of the oesophageal function is for the purpose of referral to medical professionals).
• Sensory awareness related to communication, swallowing, or other upper aerodigestive functions.